is a burning sensation in the stomach, typically extending toward the esophagus (throat area) and sometimes associated with the eructation (an eruption or reflex that expels wind upward from the stomach) of an acid fluid. It is also called heart burn, pyrosis, cardialgia, or G
Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD
is a condition in which food or liquid travels from the stomach back up into the esophagus (the tube from the mouth to the stomach). This partially digested material is usually acidic, and can irritate the esophagus, often causing heartburn and other symptoms.
Think of it this way:
everyone knows that food travels down your throat and into your stomach through the esophagus. Where the esophagus enters the stomach is a kind of "one-way valve."
Normally, this stomach valve only allows
food and drink into
the stomach, and keeps the stomach contents inside the stomach. During acid reflux, the valve doesn't close all the way, allowing acidic stomach contents to reflux or surge upward into the esophagus. That means it's going the wrong way.
The stomach has a special lining
that protects it from the acid it generates. The esophagus doesn't have this protection. That burning feeling you have is caused by stomach acid attacking your unprotected throat lining. Ouch!
Causes of Acid Reflux
include hiatal hernia, pregnancy, and scleroderma.
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